Tobacco Consumption

  • 19.1% percent of adults (age 15+) currently use tobacco in any form (men 31.8%; women 5.8%).1
    • 12.4% of adults smoke tobacco
    • 7.7% use smokeless tobacco
    • 3% use waterpipes (hookah or shisha)
  • Among youth (ages 13-15):2
    • 10.7% use any tobacco product (boys 13.3%; girls 6.6%)
    • 7.2% smoke tobacco, and 5.3% use smokeless tobacco
    • Among youth who have ever smoked, nearly 40% first tried a cigarette before age 10

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • 72.5% of adults (16.8 million people) who work indoors are exposed to tobacco smoke at the workplace.1
  • 86% of adults (49.2 million people) are exposed to secondhand smoke in restaurants, and 76.2% are exposed in public transport.1
  • 37.8% of youth (ages 13-15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places, while 21% of youth are exposed to secondhand smoke in their homes.2

Health Consequences

  • Nearly 118,000 people die annually in Pakistan from smoking-related causes, accounting for almost 9% of total deaths.3
  • In 2010, tobacco use was the leading cause of deaths due to non-communicable diseases, including cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, and cardiovascular diseases.4

Tobacco Industry

International companies hold almost all of the cigarette market in Pakistan. In 2015, British American Tobacco led with 63.5% of the retail volume market share.  Philip Morris International followed with 33%, and Imperial Tobacco held almost 3% of the market share. In Pakistan, nearly 60 billion cigarettes were sold in 2015.5

FCTC Status

Pakistan ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on November 3, 2004. The treaty went into effect on February 27, 2005.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of measures on smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price, download the Pakistan Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Pakistan Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): Fact Sheet. World Health Organization; 2014. Available from: http://www.emro.who.int/tobacco/tfi-news/gats-pak-results.html
2 Pakistan Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). World Health Organization; 2013. Available from: http://www.emro.who.int/images/stories/tfi/documents/GYTS_FS_PAK_2013.pdf?ua=1
3 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington; 2015. Available from: vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-compare/
4 Jafar TH et al. Non-communicable diseases and injuries in Pakistan: Strategic priorities. The Lancet. 2013 June 29;381: 2281-2290.
5 Euromonitor International, 2016

Last updated Jan. 2017